HEAD SAILS The soft sails on the front
of the AC72s that help with steering and
come in different shapes and sizes to propel the boat. Upwind, teams will sport a
JIB, while downwind they will additionally carry either a GENNAKER or CODE
ZERO to help pop them onto their foils and
lift them out of the water. In particularly
windy conditions, look for the teams to
carry only a jib downwind.
HELMSMAN The driver of the boat, typically positioned at the wheel of the AC72.
Using a waterproof headset, the helmsman
communicates with his tactician to determine the course, and with the grinders to
adjust the foils as they move downwind.
HYDROFOIL A winglike structure
attached to the hull of a boat that raises
all or part of the hull out of the water
when the boat is moving forward, thus
reducing drag. On the AC72s, these
wings, also called foils, include the wing
sail, the rudder and the centerboards.
KNOT A measure of speed equal to one
nautical mile ( 6,076 feet) per hour. AC72s
can sail faster than 40 knots, which is the
equivalent of more than 45 miles per hour.
RUDDER A vertical plate or board for
steering a boat. One of the foils of the
AC72, the rudder is controlled by the
SKIPPER The head of the sailing team,
whose duties include team management
and on-water strategy. The skipper will be
on the AC72, but may not necessarily be
the helmsman. Similar to a team captain
in other sports.
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